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Information About The Prototype - Märklin 1 E 44-Serie Bedienungsanleitung

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Information about the prototype

The economic crisis at the end of the 1920s in
the 20th century lead to an ongoing decline in
activity on the German State Railroad for further route
electrification. At the same time the purchase of new
electric locomotives was also put on hold. This gap
was filled by the three locomotive builders Berg-
mann-Elektrizitäts-Werke AG, Maffei-Schwartzkopf-
Werke GmbH and Siemens- Schuckert- Werke AG by
the development of a new electric locomotive. Each
builder developed his own solution that was desig-
nated by the German State Railroad as the class
E 44 (SSW version), E 44 5 (MSW version) and E 44 20
(BEW version).
While the E 44 20 remained a one-off unit and the
E 44 5 was built in only two small groups of 4 units
each, the E 44 from Siemens was clearly the most
successful development with a quantity of over
180 units. The last of the locomotives in this class
were even purchased by the DB, resulting in a total
period of manufacture of about 20 years for this
locomotive.
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These locomotives were used mostly on the Stutt-
gart – Augsburg route that was electrified starting in
1933. Of the 174 units built before the war, 45 ended
up with the German State Railroad (East Germany)
and were later designated there as the class 244. The
remaining units were acquired by the German Federal
Railroad and were operated as the class 144 starting
in 1968. A number of these units were modified tech-
nically for push/pull operations.
One of the critical differences compared to earlier
electric locomotive building was the use of two trucks
without pilot trucks. This locomotive thereby repre-
sents the beginnings of modern locomotive frame-
work designs. With a maximum speed of 90 km/h
(56 mph) and up to 2,200 kilowatts (2,950 hp), this
successful design was able to fulfill operating require-
ments well into Era IV. The E 44 was retired by the
German Federal Railroad in 1982. For the E 44 units
on the DR, 1992 was the last year of operation. Just a
handful of these units are still in existence as museum
locomotives.
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